food vendor jerusalem

Jerusalem, it’s complicated

by Michael on April 15, 2013

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Jerusalem is the most difficult city to decipher on earth. That’s not just us saying it. Try finding it on Google Maps. For security reasons high-resolution satellite pictures are not available, reducing the city to a fuzzy haze. This complexity continues at ground level.

Considering its significant impact on religious and world history, the area within the walls of the Old City is Lilliputian; covering less than a square half mile, it’s smaller than the University of Pennsylvania campus in Philadelphia. Upon entering the Jaffa Gate a visitor is confronted with an Escher-esque maze of narrow passageways, warrens and arches, some of them over two millennia old. Maps are of no use so we wandered along until we found what we were looking for; or got distracted and sought something else.

Jerusalem Damascus Gate

Cobblestone paths, worn smooth from centuries of foot traffic, lead up, down and around corners, past a wide array of vendors selling the hijab, the head covering worn by Muslim women, alongside stands stacked with colorful yarmulkes. A few yards away Christian prayer shawls are displayed and, somewhat incongruously, a merchant offering Philadelphia Phillies and Dallas Cowboys t-shirts with the team names spelled out in Hebrew.

Spiritually, Jerusalem provides sharp contrasts in worship as it is among the holiest sites for three of the world’s major religions: Christianity, Judaism and Islam. Christian pilgrims clutching rosary beads traverse the Via Dolorosa, the route of Christ to his crucifixion, as it winds its way through the Arab Souk. The Dome of the Rock, where Mohammed ascended into heaven, overlooks the Western Wall, the most sacred site in Judaism where hundreds of Jews offer their own prayers to God.

Jerusalem Western Wall barbed wire

One evening we left the Western Wall as an energetic group of Orthodox Jewish men were dancing in a circle as they sang out in prayer. We ambled along Habad Street in the Jewish Quarter where our curiosity led us up a set of rickety metal steps attached to the side of a building, considering the setting they appeared to be a stairway to heaven.

After our climb we gingerly walked across the rooftops of adjoining buildings. Looking down into a courtyard we spotted a mosque, its confines protected by concertina barbed wire, while just 50 feet away Jewish children played in a similarly safeguarded schoolyard.

Jerusalem western wall soldiers praying

The dulcet tones of the adhan, the Muslim call to prayer, bounced off the limestone walls of the ancient buildings just as it has for generations.  As if in response, church bells started clanging their hourly chorus. The echoes of three religions rang in our ears as we made our way to the Muslim Quarter.

In the backs of their stalls, Muslim shopkeepers knelt on prayer rugs pointing to Mecca, suspending all commerce for a few moments of penitence. But nothing stops the constant aromas produced by grilled meats rotating on spits over charcoal flames. The cooked meat blended with amber pyramids of spices to create a heady mix of scents. Stray cats popped up at every corner, no doubt attracted by a whiff of all the cooking.

Arab market Jerusalem

On the Al-Wad Road (the term “road” is a loose one, it’s a pedestrian strip about 10 feet wide) we mingled with Christian worshippers walking the Via Dolorosa. Part of the route is still covered with paving stones from the Second Temple period, an era from the time of Christ. The narrow street is crowded with shoppers and young men pushing their way through with handtrucks laden down with boxes of fresh mint, dates and clothing.

Adding to the bedlam, toddlers swirled like beeping communications satellites around Orthodox Jewish mothers who tried to keep them in a steady orbit; Times Square on New Year’s Eve is less chaotic. Careful to avoid stepping on the women who set up shop on the sidewalk, laying root vegetables on plastic sheets, we exited the Old City via the Damascus Gate.

PI 1 Jerusalem Muslim Quarter produce vendors (575x493)

Leaving the pandemonium behind, we headed for the relative serenity of the Musrara neighborhood, a former No Man’s Land separating East and West Jerusalem. In a city over 3,000 years old, this 150-year-old area is practically a toddler, but one with a troubled past. It was one of the first neighborhoods built outside the city walls, making it a pioneer suburb. Originally it was a district for wealthy Christians occupying upscale housing.

After 1948, the advent of Israeli statehood turned it into a deadly No Man’s Land, a disputed border between Israel and Jordan. Its position made it vulnerable to Jordanian shelling while the Israelis mined it to prevent intrusion; snipers patrolled on both sides. Despite the dangers, refugees and immigrants moved into the abandoned houses; even as they lacked electricity, water and schools.

PI 4 Jerusalem blend of religions (575x482)

Now the neighborhood has been reclaimed by artists who create messages of peace for the present and future. A free tour of the neighborhood is given on Saturdays. Our guide, Matan, is part of an organization called Muslala, the name an alternate spelling for the neighborhood. They believe art is a powerful tool to bring together this once conflicted neighborhood. Through community outreach programs, including this free tour, and multi-cultural art displays they hope to start a dialogue between neighbors of differing backgrounds.

In some places the art forms bizarre juxtapositions. On one wall the word “Love” is painted alongside signs pointing to the local bomb shelter. They each use the same font and colors. According to Matan, the unasked questions are “Which one is more important? Which one leads to safety?” The bomb shelter itself serves a dual purpose as it is now a community arts center.

Musrara tour jerusalem

After walking the streets of Musrara viewing the latest open-air art pieces, we climbed down a set of simple wooden steps known as Chiara’s Staircase. Several years ago, Matan built these steps so his girlfriend Chiara, who lived in the lower Old City, could scale the wall into the elevated neighborhood when they wanted to see each other. That romance has ended, but this tenuous bridge across the former No Man’s Land lives on.

Below the steps we crossed into Arab East Musrara for our final stop on the tour: Ikermawi Restaurant, reputedly the home of the best hummus in Jerusalem. On the crowded sidewalk we sat side-by-side on benches, Muslim, Jew and Christian, literally breaking bread together so we could dip the pita into the shared bowls of creamy hummus. The pita and hummus blend easily.

Oh if Jerusalem were only that simple.

This article originally appeared in the Philadelphia Inquirer.

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{ 7 comments… read them below or add one }

Marian April 15, 2013 at 8:27 am

This blog brings back memories of my own trip to Israel. Israel is such an awe inspiring place. When I hear the gospel being read in church, I can picture the places depicted. There has been conflict in this region for so long it is saddening. I would love to go back to Israel, but those same smooth millenial cobblestones make it hazardous for someone my age. I felt that they need hand rails along the walls as paths rise and slope depending on the terrain.
One experience I had that brought the reality of the tension. I was unable to visit one location so I stayed on the bus. Another bus pulled up with schoolchildren on a class trip. They were accompanied by armed guards carrying Uzis! It is amazing that normal life can go on with the possibility of attack at any time.
While I do not like the idea of walls being placed between peoples, the walls built by the Israeli has cut down on crossover terrorist attacks. No matter what your religion, everyone should go to Israel just to see in person the places in this blog.

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Michael April 15, 2013 at 9:20 am

As the title of the story says, Jerusalem is certainly complicated.

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Andi of My Beautiful Adventures April 15, 2013 at 10:09 am

A place I’m dying to visit! I’m sure I’d leave though feeling the same way.

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Sam April 16, 2013 at 12:13 pm

You really captured the essence of Jerusalem. It really is complicated.

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Michael April 17, 2013 at 10:18 am

Thanks Sam.

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Cez April 19, 2013 at 1:33 am

If Jerusalem was on facebook, it would say “it’s complicated” – for sure. One place believed to be an origin of a few religions. Well, it could be that they are all one and the fights between them are pointless and always were.

Either way, this place is magical. Been there a few years ago. It was a rainy day (on average it rains there 4 times a year). How lucky am I?

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Marysia @ My Travel Affairs May 14, 2013 at 10:30 am

I have been there many times, it is an amazing city! I do not think it is that complicated. Certainly it is rich in culture and heritage of different religions and nations but the only really complicated thing about the city is jurisdiction which will not change any soon, so it is best to accept it. After exploring for few days with all historical background in your mind, you just need to switch off and that is when you discover the real gems of Jerusalem.

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