san elizario texas red chiles ristra

Hey Pilgrim: The first Thanksgiving was in Texas, in April

by Michael on November 18, 2014

Oh to be present at the first Thanksgiving in the Americas; a hearty feast to celebrate surviving a difficult ordeal, indigenous people looking on, and settlers clad in Spanish conquistador helmets . . . wait, what? The Pilgrims wore shiny metal helmets?

It turns out that in so many things Spanish explorers were years ahead of the Pilgrims and those who followed them. The area by the present-day village of San Elizario, hard by the Rio Grande in what is now Texas, celebrated Thanksgiving on April 28, 1598, 22 years before the Pilgrims set their prim, buckled shoes on Plymouth Rock.

A Spanish nobleman named Don Juan de Oñate led a party of 500 colonists and 7,000 livestock on a settling foray north from Mexico. They traveled for weeks with dwindling water supplies until they reached the Rio Grande near what would become San Elizario. (About 20 miles southeast of El Paso, Texas.)

san elizario mission church

After slaking their thirst and those of the animals, many of whom later died from bloating, they celebrated a Thanksgiving Mass with a feast of venison, fresh-caught fish and chickens. Afterwards Oñate did what explorers generally do and proclaimed the new land for his sovereign, King Phillip II. The explorers continued on the Camino Real (Royal Road) into Texas, creating America’s oldest highway and introducing horses into the American Southwest.

From those modest roots the area grew into a stopping off point for travelers. Two hundred years later a presidio (Spanish fort) was established to protect the area and the settlement became San Elizario. For much of the 19th century it was the second largest city in the area, after Ciudad de Juárez. When the ever fickle Rio Grande changed course in 1830 San Elizario was placed north of the river. With the signing of treaties in 1850 ending the U.S.-Mexico War it became part of the United States.

The 1798-era chapel for the original presidio was washed away when the Rio Grande flooded; it replacement was constructed in 1882. The white-washed stucco building was designed in the late adobe style that is seen throughout West Texas and New Mexico. The interior dates from 1944 when it was repainted to honor local men who fought in World War II. This small village lost 11 men in the war and many others also served.

san elizario texas plaza

Today San Elizario boasts a proud heritage and celebrates its roots in two countries. It is also known for one of the more infamous incidents in West Texas history. The area was the roaming ground for legendary bandit Billy the Kid. The circa 1850 jail that still stands in San Elizario is the only one that the robber actually broke into while trying to free a friend. In an action that is reenacted every year, he rode up to the jail pretending he was a Texas Ranger escorting two prisoners to get the jail-keeper to open the gate.

A walking tour of the village includes the original 1790 plaza which had a starring role in the Kevin Costner movie Fandango (if you haven’t seen it don’t feel bad, not too many people did) and over a dozen 19th-century buildings including the adobe barracks, stores and a residence that now houses the San Elizario Genealogy and Historical Society. The museum inside tells the story of the surrounding area.

But if you want to experience the original Thanksgiving in the Americas, stop by San Elizario in April to enjoy the festivities.  Wearing a Spanish conquistador helmet is optional.

 

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Stan April 3, 2014 at 3:50 pm

Ha, this story should go over well in Massachusetts.

Leonard June 22, 2014 at 2:36 pm

Us folks here in St Augustine, Florida, might have a different idea about this Thanksgiving thing. The Spanish (again!) started this town in 1565, and there is lots of evidence of interaction with the locals, fish and animal bones, cooking pots, etc. Maybe you could call one of these gatherings a thanksgiving, 30 odd years before the Pilgrims.

Michael June 22, 2014 at 3:16 pm

Hi Leonard,

I guess the key thing would be if they were giving thanks for something, as was the case in Texas. We’ll probably never know. Thanks for checking in.

Josh Bender November 20, 2014 at 8:07 am

Hey Michael,

This is really a nice and interesting story. I never realized the essence of thanksgiving.

Noe Bravo November 26, 2014 at 2:04 pm

Thanks for sharing Michael, very interesting.

Michael November 27, 2014 at 11:48 pm

Glad you liked it.

Patti November 22, 2015 at 10:17 am

Who knew?!

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